Excretion tool in reptiles

Reptiles are cold-blooded, breathing vertebrates, groups that include snakes, lizards, turtles, turtles, crocodiles, and crocodiles. Most hatch from eggs. Many scientists believe that mammals and birds evolved from this class of animals, and the third is part of a group called Amniota, which has been the dominant terrestrial vertebrate for more than 340 million years, since the Carboniferous era.

When they become adults, reptiles are usually protected by scales. The excretion tool in reptiles is a pair of methanephros kidney. Metanerfos functions after pronefros and mesonephros, which are the main excretory devices when the embryonic staidum disappears. The result of reptile excretion is gout. Compared to amphibians, reptiles use only a small amount of water to flush nitrogen and blood debris. This is because most metabolic cells are excreted as non-toxic gout. The uric acid released by reptile is in the form of a white paste. The remaining water is absorbed by a portion of the kidney tube.
Image of excretion system in reptile
Image of excretion system in reptile

In some reptiles, for example, crocodiles, in addition to excrete uric acid, also excrete ammonia. Some members of reptiles, such as snakes, crocodiles and alligators do not have urine urine, so that uric acid comes out with feces. There are glands on the skin of reptiles that produce urine acid. Urine acid works to ward off enemies.

Because it is cold blooded, reptile metabolism depends on the ambient temperature, and snakes and lizards will often be seen sunbathing on rocks or in trees. On the plus side, these animals need less food than others, and some can survive a week without eating. Many omnivores, eat whatever they can find, while others focus on insects, and others, like crocodiles, are common carnivores.

At present, the earth's ecosystem is dominated by non-reptile animals, although the latter is still common. One of the reptiles, turtles, is one of the longest-living vertebrates ever, with a record 188 years old. This is only surpassed by Koi fish, which can live for 226 years. Another reptile, crocodile, is one of the largest living animals, with a record length of 28.2 feet (8.6 meters).