Understanding Polymers and what are the advantages of polymers

Chemical polymers are the study and manipulation of synthetic and organic chemicals known as polymers. Polymers are repeating chains of molecules that combine to form what are called macromolecules.

Polymers are versatile substances, have various properties of flexibility, lightness, hardness, and durability. The way found by polymer chemists to isolate and develop this property. In addition, they identified the unique conductive and chemical properties of polymers given for industrial and medical purposes.
Polymers are versatile substances, have various properties of flexibility, lightness, hardness, and durability. The way found by polymer chemists to isolate and develop this property. In addition, they identified the unique conductive and chemical properties of polymers given for industrial and medical purposes.


In one form or another, the branch of chemistry has been present in the field of science since the mid-19th century. Nitrocellulose, an early polymer, was developed using the research of Henri Braconnot and Christian Schonbein, respectively. During the following years, nitrocellulose and its derivatives were used in various ways, including as an effective wound dressing during the American Civil War.

The first manufacturing plant for synthetic fibers was opened in 1884 by a French industrialist named Hilaire de Chardonnet. This produces a polymer cloth called viscose rayon, which is used as an inexpensive substitute for silk. Since then, the field of polymer chemistry has grown rapidly, reaching a peak in the early 20th century with the development of Kevlar ® and nylon.

The development of these materials resulted in a large amount of interest which continues to this day. Several thousand substances with practical applications have been produced since the beginning of the 20th century as a result of advances in polymer chemistry.

The use of polymers is widespread in modern society, providing important chemical components of many objects people use every day. Tires, plastic bags, compact discs, and disposable contact lenses all contain materials developed by this field of science. Every year, more and more goods containing synthetic and organic polymers are introduced to the market.

Because most synthetic polymers, products utilizing them generally require smaller amounts of non-renewable resources when compared to their counterparts made from other materials.

Chemical research Polymers is a multi-billion US dollar industry by itself. This is due to widespread application in almost every industrial and scientific field. Often those needs can be met by the polymer first identified, and then followed by funding to develop polymers suitable for a particular purpose.

After the polymer is developed, it can be explored by polymer chemists to find other possible applications, as well as derivatives that may have their own uses.

Some of the advantages of polymers are:

  • Polymers Cheap to make
  • Many uses because of Polymers its different nature.
  • Provide jobs in companies that make polymers and products.
  • Some polymers can be recycled, melted down and made into something else that saves valuable natural resources.
  • If polymers are used instead of wood, fewer trees must be cut down.

Polymers have low density, they can be used in electrical insulation and they have low thermal conductivity, but they also swell with water, require low temperatures and have sensitivity to UV light. Polymers are easy to produce and cost-effective, but many are flammable and have certain toxicity.

Polymers are classified into one of three categories. Thermoplastics flow when heated and harden when cooled. Thermosets decompose when heated and often decompose because of the cross bonds between long chains, making them unstable. Elastomers are rubber at room temperature and must be heated at high temperatures to react.

Unlike metals and ceramics, polymers do not require finishing to look good and last a long time. Polymers such as plastics can be easily formed to make almost every shape imaginable and are usually durable. However, many polymers cannot be exposed to extreme temperatures and do not always hold their shape in water.

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