Create Homemade Hand Sanitizier (Formula a.k.a Recipes)


Hand Hygiene:


Hand hygiene is the personal care you give to your hands. The practice includes washing your hands regularly with soap and water or a hand sanitizer.

A person comes in contact with an average of millions of germs, viruses, and bacterial from people, objects, and even the environment. You may not notice, but the immune system helps us in the fight against these germs, viruses, and bacteria through the White Blood Cells or WBC. The easiest way these things enters the body is by contact and through the hands .

When these germs linger in your hands, they can quickly transfer to your mouth, nose, eyes, and even the ears. If you don't practice hand hygiene, you will fall sick and may even die.

Practicing good hand hygiene will not only keep you safe from illness and sickness but keep the people around you safe. Say that you are saving thousands of people that you come in contact with every day .


Why Should You Take Care of Your Hands?

Good hand hygiene is priceless. It is directly proportional to your health. If you keep poor hygiene habits, you are likely to get infected and sick all the time. It's important for health and social reasons. Taking good care of your hands will keep them clean by stopping the spread of germs, bacteria, and viruses. Your hand hygiene impacts the people around you, and that is why it is essential to stay clean.

To start a good hand hygiene practice, begin by washing your hands as often as possible. Since they are one of the most used parts of the body, they are likely to carry more germs than any other part .
Try to keep your nails as short as possible. Germs breed under them, and when you use them to eat, they fall in your food and enter the body through the mouth. Brush under them with a nail brush to rinse away any buildup of dirt.

Poor hand hygiene can have a negative effect on your self-esteem. However, maintaining good hand hygiene practices will instill a sense of pride and confidence in you .

Hand Sanitizers

The issue of how to go about keeping hand hygiene is always up for debate. Using hand sanitizer is one of those ways of ensuring that infections and microorganisms are killed at almost a hundred percent. A huge number of people around the world have formulated ways of creating several hand sanitizers because of its effectiveness against viral infections. Because of this, hand sanitizers have become popular. We shall be looking into what a hand sanitizer is and why the popularity has gone up in recent years.

What Is a Hand Sanitizer?

Hand sanitizer is a chemical agent applied to the hands, typically in the form of colorless liquid, foam, or gel to remove bacteria, pathogens, viruses, etc. When soap and water are unavailable for In the health setting, hand sanitizer is preferable as a common cleansing agent because it is effective against various viral infections and employed as a means of controlling epidemic infections.  The chemical ingredients in hand sanitizers kill or inactivate 99.9% of microorganisms when used in hand once. That is why it's widely used when compared to mere soap and water .
Hand sanitizer is a chemical agent applied to the hands, typically in the form of colorless liquid, foam, or gel to remove bacteria, pathogens, viruses, etc. When soap and water are unavailable for In the health setting, hand sanitizer is preferable as a common cleansing agent because it is effective against various viral infections and employed as a means of controlling epidemic infections.
The chemical ingredients in hand sanitizers kill or inactivate 99.9% of microorganisms when used in hand once. That is why it's widely used when compared to mere soap and water .



In occupational settings where there is a vast movement of people in and out of buildings, hand sanitizers are often used as a control measure in preventing the transmission of infection. An example of these viral infections is CONVID-19, popularly called Coronavirus.

Why a Hand Sanitizer Is Important?

Hand sanitizers eliminate disease and infection-causing pathogens at a much faster rate. They are more efficient and quite easy on the skin. In cases where you are frightened of contacting a virus in a public setting, using a hand sanitizer to wash your hands will keep you safe. It is 99.9% effective against these pathogens .

Also, if you want to avoid repeatedly washing your hands with soaps and water, you can use a hand sanitizer as an alternative. If you are afraid of fissures developing in your skin, the hand sanitizer is there.

Uses of Hand Sanitizer

Hand sanitizer is used generally to eliminate microbes in the hands. It is used in the health setting, school setting, and work/occupational setting. 

Health Setting

Alcohol-based hand sanitizers are used in th hospitals as an alternative to soaps. Visitors, hospital staff use hand sanitizers for hygiene. Hand-rubs are effective against microorganisms as compared to soaps, and that is why it's often used in hospitals than soaps.

Hand sanitizer is also used in the hospital for surgical hand disinfection. As with any surgical procedure, the hands must be disinfected by washing with mild soap and warm water and then rubbing them with a sanitizer. A longer rubbing time is required than usual because the hands need to be thoroughly washed before commencing any surgical operation.

School Setting

The use of hand sanitizers in school, according to research, has been effective in reducing school absences due to illness and contagious viruses. School is a highly populated place, and with the use of hand-rubs sanitizers, viral infections and disease-causing organisms are significantly reduced.

Occupational Setting

A workplace is indeed a place where viruses and other diseases can be contracted because of the inflow of people. Hand sanitizer is used here to prevent the spread of these viral infections. The spread of viruses like CONVID-19 can be curtailed to an extent if hand-rub sanitizers are used before stepping into an office building.

How Does Hand Sanitizer Work ?

Hand sanitizers work based on alcohol. Alcohol is the most active ingredient in hand sanitizers, particularly the alcohol-based sanitizers. Isopropyl alcohol, also known as rubbing alcohol, ethanol, or the combination of both are proven to kill microbes and viral infections by dissolving proteins, which is an active ingredient in these microbes—thereby hindering their metabolism.

Once rubbed in hand, the alcohol ingredient kills whatever germs and microbes that's in there. However, if your hand is visibly dirty and greasy, you shouldn't use hand sanitizers . 

How Hand Sanitizer Can Prevent Viral Infections

It's no longer news about how effective hand sanitizers are in the fight against bacteria and certain types of viruses. The alcohol ingredient, which is a major ingredient in sanitizers are efficient bacteria and germ killers, with an astounding kill rate of 99.9%. It may not be as effective as washing your hands with soap and water, but they are convenient.

The coronavirus or CONVID-19 is a new virus that has reportedly claimed over 3000 lives in China, with over 80,000 cases since its breakout in December 2019. Since the turn of the second month, the virus has spread to nearly 30 other countries on other continents of the world, including Italy, the United States, and people who are in dire need of safety measures in other to curtail the virus.

This is where hand hygiene is essential. According to the WHO and CDC, regular handwashing and the use of hand sanitizers are highly recommended to protect yourself from this virus. Hand sanitizers with at least 60% alcohol will prove a chance in keeping you safe from the virus. Anything less than that percentage may not effectively work.

Hand sanitizers, when used in the  right proportion, can protect you from not only viruses  but bacterial. In fact, they are more effective against bacterial than viruses, and that is why you need to perform handwashing before using it. Engaging in both practices will prevent you from contracting infections, respiratory diseases, etc.

Statistically, more than 2000 children die from diarrhea, and over a million from respiratory diseases like pneumonia. Over the years, the practice of washing hands with soaps, water, and sanitizer has reduced these incidents by a significant percentage in both high-income countries and middle and low-income countries. The power behind hand hygiene is simply unparalleled and better than any other form of infection control.

While handwashing and hand sanitizing are probably the best hand hygiene practices, if you don't do it right, you aren't preventing any disease .

For proper handwashing, wash your hands for at least 15 seconds or even more. The time you spend washing our hands is important. Wet your hands with warm water (cold water is also fine), lather soap on your hand, and scrub thoroughly. Rinse and then dry with a clean towel.

The part of washing your hands after sneezing, coughing is important; and don't touch your face, particularly the mucosa membranes when all the time. Viruses like CONVID-19, SARS, and certain bacterial spreads by contact, coughing and sneezing. When a sick person coughs or sneezes, they let out droplets in the form of a spray. Exposing yourself to these droplets and not washing your hands will endanger your health, which means you are likely to contract the virus or bacteria .

Hand sanitizers with 60% and above alcohol can prevent viral infections, but you must do handwashing more often than it. Hand sanitizers are only active as long as they remain on the hands, so try as much as possible to have them for at least 10 seconds. Hand sanitizers can't totally kill respiratory viruses like CONVID-19, but they can render it ineffective and reduce th spread by up to
75%. Using hand sanitizers is not enough. Doing both is more effective and will go a long way in keeping you safe from CONVID-19 and other viral infections. 

Types of Hand Sanitizers

Hand sanitizers are classified according to the number of active ingredients inside it. There are the alcohol-based hand sanitizer and the alcohol-free hand sanitizers.

Alcohol-based Sanitizers

Just like the name states, alcohol-based hand sanitizers have alcohol ingredients inside. This type of hand sanitizer contains 60 - 95% ethanol, isopropanol, or n-propanol. The alcohol in those concentrations automatically denaturalize proteins, which is the chief constituent in specific microorganisms .

Some alcohol-based sanitizers contain a compound known as glycerol. Glycerol is effective in preventing the skin from being dry, especially after using hand sanitizer.

Alcohol-Free Sanitizers

This type of sanitizer has no alcohol ingredient. They are generally called disinfectants that have antimicrobial agents and benzalkonium chloride (BAC).

The efficacy of alcohol-free sanitizers is usually based on the ingredients and the mixture content, and that is why they perform less than alcohol-based sanitizers. However, formulas that use BAC have shown to have increased antimicrobial activity after application because it stays longer in hand even after drying. This can't be said of alcohol-based sanitizers.

How Effective Is Hand Sanitizer?

Hand sanitizers are proven to be very useful, especially in the fight against viruses and infectious diseases. However, their effectiveness depends on the quantity used, frequency, and whether the disease-causing agents, pathogens, and infectious agents are  likely to be  affected by the  active ingredients in the hand sanitizer.

Alcohol-based sanitizers, if rubbed thoroughly in-between the fingers, palms, and the back of the hands for about 30 - 45 seconds, followed by air-drying can reduce bacteria, certain types of viruses, and fungi to the barest minimum. Though it's less effective than alcohol-based sanitizers, alcohol-free sanitizers with BAC have similar effects in responding to bacteria and certain types of viruses.

However, most hand sanitizers are ineffective against norovirus and bacterial spores. Using soaps have been reported to be more effective against them. They are also inefficient when you have soiled hands before application. In this case, for hand sanitizers to fully work, you must have washed your hands with soap and water to remove the soil before applying a hand sanitizer. Hand sanitizers do not thoroughly cleanse the skin. Hence, the need to do handwashing before using a hand sanitizer .

You should also note that frequent use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers can cause dry skin and irritation, except an emollient or a moisturizing agent, is added to the content. The use of these agents will substantially cause less skin dryness and irritation, and the tendency to have dermatitis.

Hand Sanitizer Compositions: Active Ingredients In a Hand Sanitizer?

Hand sanitizers, hand rub, or hand antiseptic agents contain 60 - 90% alcohol (ethanol, isopropanol, n-propanol) by volume. In addition, hand sanitizers contain ;

1. Emollients and gelling agents that prevent skin dryness and irritation

Emollients are also called moisturizers. They are cosmetic preparations that are used for lubricating the skin, keeping it from being dry. They are contained in most hand sanitizers to prevent the evaporation of water from the skin by forming coats on the surface of the skin. Emollients can be used to treat skin diseases like dermatitis and psoriasis, which are products of frequent use of soap to wash hands. 

There are different kinds of emollients -  Petrolatum, castor oil, shea butter, stearic acid, cetyl alcohol, lanolin are some of the popular ones. Petrolatum or White Soft Paraffin (WSP) is known to be the most effective emollient .

Emollients may contain additional cosmetic compositions like fragrances, emulsifiers, antioxidants, humectants, etc.

2. Chlorhexidine

Chlorhexidine or chlorhexidine gluconate is an antiseptic that is used as a disinfectant. It is used for sterilizing surgical equipment before the surgical operation and disinfecting the skin. It comes in the form of liquid or powder and can also be used to treat mouth infections and prevent dental plague. Also, it can be used as an additive in antiperspirants, creams, and toothpaste.

According to WHO, chlorhexidine is categorized in a list of essential medicines as one of the safest and most effective medicines needed in the medical world. When mixed with alcohol (ethanol or isopropyl  alcohol),  it  can prove  effective  against a  wide  range  of microorganisms, fungi,  and bacteria.

3. Quats NH4 derivatives.

Quaternary ammonium or quats are positively charged polyatomic ions belonging to the alkyl or aryl group. One of its derivatives quats ammonium salts and other quaternary compounds are used as surfactants and disinfectants and have shown to have antimicrobial activity.

4. Hydrogen peroxides for eliminating some bacterial spores.

Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound in its purest form that is used as an antiseptic, an oxidizer, and as a bleaching agent. It is an example of sporocides that is used for eliminating bacterial spores. It acts as a disinfectant and used for sterilizing surgical tools and is very effective against 
viruses as well .

Other compositions include;

5. A small concentration of water.
6. Fragrances and colorants.
7. Foaming agents. 

Handwashing

What Is Handwashing?

Handwashing is simply the practice of keeping your hands clean from dirt, soil, and certain microbes with soaps and water. Handwashing is hand hygiene that can hinder the spread of water and airborne diseases like cholera and influenza. If you do not consistently wash your hands at appropriate times, you may risk contracting these diseases by touching the eyes, nose, and mouth.

Handwashing doesn't mean washing your hands at any opportunity you get. There are critical moments when you ought to wash your hands with soap and water - before and after using the restroom, before feeding a child or baby, before eating, before and after preparing a meal or touching raw meat, fish, and before changing nappies.

Importance of Handwashing

Handwashing is important health wise and otherwise. Every day, we are exposed to disease-causing organisms and infections that we can't possibly imagine. Washing your hands daily will keep you out from contracting these pathogens and prolong your lifespan.

Handwashing;

● Decreases the rate at which you contact respiratory infections.
● Minimizes the spread of airborne diseases .
● Reduce the rate of mortality in babies.

In medical  practices,  the  importance  of handwashing cannot be  overemphasized. It's  a  hygiene practice that is totally necessary before the commencement of any medical procedure. Handwashing in hospitals will curtail the spread of disease by cleansing the hands of bacteria, viruses, chemicals, and microorganisms.

The prevalence of washing hands with soap and water is low in many countries of the world. For example,  China  has  the  lowest handwashing rate  of  23%  when compared  to  other  developed countries. However, it is different in countries like Saudi Arabia and the United States, with 97% and
77% handwashing rate, respectively. 
Effects of Handwashing

Handwashing is important, but frequently washing your hands with soap and water will lead to skin dryness. Also, it can lead to flaky skin conditions like hand dermatitis and eczema. It is also a symptom of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD).

Substances Used In Handwashing


Water

Warm water is preferable to hot water and cold water and, as such, should be used in washing hands. When combined with a mild soap, it is more effective at removing soil, bacteria, and oils in hand.





Antibacterial soap

Antibacterial soaps have a list of antibacterial properties that are effective against microorganisms and bacterial in the hands.





Liquid soaps

CDC recommends that liquid soaps with hands-free control for dispensing content are more effective in removing bacterial and germs than solid soaps. Solid soaps may still hold up some bacterial and germs after use although, the transfer of bacterial is unlikely .





Ash

Ash is also a disinfecting agent like soaps. This is because it's alkaline. WHO recommends the use of ash as an alternative to soaps if the latter is unavailable. However, this is not to say that ash is more effective than soaps.







Handwashing Vs. Hand Sanitizer: Which Is Better?

The debate as to whether hand sanitizers should replace handwashing has gone viral and still is. However, it's worthy of note that there is a significant difference between the two in terms of effectiveness in killing germs, viral infections, and bacteria, and use . 
Hand sanitizers, especially alcohol-based sanitizers, can reduce the number of microbes and pathogens roaming in the hands. However, not all types of germs and viruses can be reduced by hand sanitizers. Germs like cryptosporidium, clostridium difficile, and norovirus can only be removed by the use of soap and warm water.





Hand sanitizers work well ingetting rid of many microbes, but it isn't effective when used in soiled and greasy hands. In circumstances like this, the use of soap and warm water is preferable. However, it is only after you have used soap and water that you use hand sanitizers .





The same thing goes for hands with harmful chemicals like pesticides. Hand sanitizers cannot remove this type of chemical. Instead, when used, the levels of pesticides on the hands are increased. In place of hand sanitizers, use soap and water to wash carefully before applying it.





The insistence of people using hand sanitizers in place of soap and water is totally wrong. In many cases, the two compliments each other. One precedes the other and, therefore, shouldn't be used to replace the other. Hand sanitizers only work effectively after you must have washed your hands with soap and warm water. However, if you are in a situation where there is the unavailability of soap and water, you can opt for the use of hand sanitizers with at least 60% alcohol concentrations .







When to Use Hand sanitizer.

Hand sanitizers should only be used when there is an absence of washing soaps and water. Also, if you want added safety after washing, you can use hand sanitizer.





However, you shouldn't use hand sanitizers when your hands are soiled greatly. When you have chemicals in your hand like pesticides, it's advisable you don't use hand sanitizers. Never should you replace the use of sanitizers with soap and water. Washing with soap and water is effective against viral infections, pathogens, and some dangerous chemicals that hand sanitizers have no chance against
—for example, norovirus, closridium difficile, cryptosporidium, etc .



How to Use Hand Sanitizer.

Whether it's alcohol-based or not, foam or gel, it's not difficult to use hand sanitizer. Like earlier 
explained in this plengdut post, a number of factors can affect its effectiveness.

● Ensure your hands are visibly dry.

● Apply the recommended amount in one palm and rub it together with the other.

● Rub in-between the fingers and make sure your entire hands are well covered.

● Once the skin is dry, stop rubbing the sanitizer.





This is the general use of hand sanitizer. However, depending on the product, there may be some variations  in  how  such  hand sanitizer  should be  used.  It's  essential  to  read  the  manufacturer's directions in this case.







Safety Concerns

Alcohol is dangerous if ingested intentionally or not. Individuals seeking to abuse alcohol will likely ingest hand sanitizer. This could lead to death, poisoning, and the risk of fire. Alcohol is a highly flammable ingredient, producing a translucent blue flame. Some alcohol-based sanitizers may not produce this blue flame because of high concentrations of water and other moisturizing agents. Nevertheless, it's still flammable .





If a child is to use hand sanitizer, it should be used under the supervision of an adult. Other than that, it's necessary to keep it out of their reach. It shouldn't be rubbed around the eyes as it will cause inflammation. There should also be some restrictions placed on individuals (adults) who abuse or intend on abusing it to curtail access to these hand sanitizers.





The FDA raised the alarm about some antibacterial products causing some microbes to be resistant to antibiotics. This turns them into some deadly "Superbugs" in the names of MRSA (Methicillin- Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus) and Clostridium difficile. Triclosan, an active ingredient that is used in some sanitizers and washing soaps were reported to cause these superbugs. This led to the FDA banning the use of this substance in these products in 2019. Also, the European Union (EU) restricted the use of triclosan in various consumer products because of rising concerns regarding it. However, this does not pertain to alcohol-based hand sanitizers because triclosan is not a major ingredient that is found in them. 
WHO and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the U.S promotes the culture of using alcohol-based  sanitizers  often,  especially in work and  school  settings.  They recommend  using sanitizers that have at least 60% alcohol content. Most products that flaunt the market reportedly have between 60% and 90% alcohol. However, that doesn't mean they are more or less effective .





The use of some alcohol-free hand sanitizers hasn't really been in line with WHO and CDC's health vision. This is because these products do not offer maximum protection against infections. Concerns regarding the safety of the chemicals used in these alcohol-free hand sanitizers have often led the WHO and CDC to discredit their uses. Like the triclosan, for example, if this antimicrobial compound is used, it may interfere with the proper functioning of the endocrine system.





The CDC recommends washing your hands with soap and water always, especially if your hands are visibly soiled, after you have used the restroom and before, during, and after food preparation. Wash your hands for at least 20 - 40 seconds with warm water and soap. For additional protection, CDC also recommends the use of hand sanitizer .





Hand sanitizers may no pose any threat to the skin, but they may strip the epidermis of oil, which will result in loss of skin lipid. 
Recipes for Making Home-made Hand Sanitizers

In the absence of soap and water, resulting to the use of hand sanitizers would probably be the next option. With the shortage of hand sanitizers around the world due to the outbreak of CONVID-19, you may have to resort to making hand sanitizers yourself. 

Making your own hand sanitizer has one advantage - You control the quantity and types of ingredients that you want in your hand sanitizer. Some ingredients used in hand sanitizers may trigger allergic reactions when used. Others may be linked to hormonal imbalance. With a few ingredients and the right proportion, you can stay at home and make your hand sanitizers in minutes .

A DIY hand sanitizer is simple to make if you follow the recipe formulas in this plengdut post. It’s also not expensive to make and will save you a whole lot compared to purchasing already-made.





Recipes for Making Alcohol-based Sanitizers

Alcohol-based hand sanitizers can either be foam, gel, or liquid. Using any type will do as far as there is at least 60% alcohol at 91% minimum pure, which is the most active ingredient in a hand sanitizer. This plengdut post will explain th steps you need to make each type of alcohol-based sanitizers .





How to Make Foam Alcohol-based Hand Sanitizers

The  foam alcohol-based  hand  sanitizers  isn’t  different  from the  other  types  of  alcohol-based sanitizers, but some prefer it to other types.

Ingredients

●     Foam dispenser bottle
●     5 - 6 drops of essential oil
●     Isopropyl or rubbing alcohol (⅔ cup)
●     ¼ inch liquid soap.

Steps


1.  Fill your foam dispenser bottle with ¼ inch liquid soap.
2.  Add your essential oil.
3.  Add isopropyl alcohol to the content.
4.  Shake thoroughly and use.


That’s it. You have made your hand sanitizers foam. 
How to Make Gel Alcohol-based Hand Sanitizers

Gel alcohol-based hand sanitizer is another type of hand sanitizer that is as good as the other two. It’s easy to make and will keep you and your family safe from germs and viral infections.

You can either make gel alcohol-based hand sanitizer with or without fragrance (essential oils). If you love your hand sanitizer to scent nice and have other added advantages, you can use essential oils like cinnamon, lavender, lemon, peppermint, etc.

Ingredients

●     ⅓ cup of aloe vera gel.
●    ⅔ cup of Isopropyl or rubbing alcohol with 91% purity at the minimum.
●     Spoon.
●     Mixing bowl.
●     Funnel.
●     Container or bottle.

Steps


1.  Add aloe vera gel and isopropyl alcohol into a mixing bowl.
2.  Use spoon to stir until it’s evenly mixed.
3.  Pour the mixture over a funnel into the container or bottle and replace the lid.
4.  Shake before use.


If you plan on adding essential oils into your hand sanitizers, you need to understand what each essential oil does. You can choose to combine two or more oils or decide to just use one. By adding them, you will have an amazing aromatic experience, while also keeping yourself safe from germs.





What you need to know about essential oils

●    Lavender oil smells nice and is known to have antibacterial and antiviral properties.
It helps to reduce migraines and minor irritations around the skin.
●    Lemongrass oil is known to have antibacterial and antifungal properties.
Tea tree oil is known to have antifungal, antiseptic, antiviral, and antibacterial properties.
Cinnamon oil has a fragrance that will enhance your concentration and reduce drowsiness. It can also reduce headaches.
●     Rosemary essential is known to boost alertness and memory.
Peppermint essential oil has a compelling scent that soothes the nerves and enhances mental clarity.
●    Vitamin E keeps the skin fresh and act as a moisturizer, just like aloe vera gel.

You need to be cautious while using any of these essential oils. Dilute it first before applying it to the 
skin because they can cause skin irritations. Also, buy essential oils of high-grade. For example, essential oils ome with labels like “aromatherapy grade”, “certified organic”, “pure grade”, etc. Check these labels before purchasing an essential oil.

To add an essential oil, add 6 - 10 drops of any one in your mixture, depending on the quantity of hand sanitizer that you need and stir vigorously.

You can make gel hand sanitzers with grain alcohol as well like vodka. All you need is a bottle of
190-proof grain alcohol, aloe vera gel, any essential oil, bottle or container, mixing bowl, and spoon.

Steps


1.  Add 59 ml and 30 ml of grain alcohol and aloe vera gel respectively into a mixing bowl. Ratio of alcohol to gel must be 2:1.
2.  Add 10 drops of your preferred essential oil and stir with spoon until ingredients are thoroughly mixed.
3.  Pout the mixture over a funnel from the bowl into the bottle and cover well.
4.  Your hand sanitizer is ready for use.


In the absence of aloe vera gel, you can use coconut oil as substitute.





How to Make Liquid Alcohol-based Sanitizers

The liquid or the spray form is the most used type of alcohol-based hand sanitizers. It’s simple to make and will take roughly 15 - 20 minutes to prepare .

Ingredients

●     ⅔ cup of isopropyl or rubbing alcohol
●     ⅓ cup of aloe vera gel
●     1 teaspoon of Vitamin E oil.
●     Spoon
●     Plastic container
●     Funnel
●     Mixing bowl
●    10 Lavender oil, 6 drops of lemongrass oil, and 25 drops of tea tree oil
Spray bottle. Use colored bottles to avoid exposing the essential oils to light. You canget spray bottles on amazon.com and other online stores.

It’s worthy of note that a homemade hand sanitizer recipe should be made with alcohol of content with at least 60% and 91% minimum alcohol purity. The purer the alcohol, the more effective it is at killing germs, bacteria, and viral infections. The alcohol ratio to aloe vera should be 2:1. This is in line with the recommendations of the CDC.

Steps 
1.  Get a mixing bowl. Mix alcohol and aloe vera gel and pour into the mixing bow.
Use spoon to stir until they mix well. If you want your mixture to be thicker, add a spoonful of aloe vera. If you want it to be thin, add more alcohol. Alcohol and aloe vera should never have the same quantity.
2.  Add one drop at a time of the essential oil. Essential oils include lavender oil, lemongrass oil, and tea tree oil. After about 6-8 drops, smell the mixture. If it scents nice, leave it like that. If you like to have a stronger scent, add a few more drops.
3.  Add 1 teaspoon of Vitamin E oil.
4.  Pour the mixture over a funnel into a spray bottle. Once it’s filled up, cover with lid until you are ready to use it. If there is any leftover, that is after the bottle has been filled up, pour into a jar and close tightly.





Recipes for Making Alcohol-free Hand Sanitizers

Since alcohol has a strong and pungent smell, many people will prefer not to use it. If you are in the category of people who prefer not to use alcohol in the making of their hand sanitizers, it’s possible to use an alternative like a witch-hazel based sanitizer.

Witch-hazel sanitizers, like the alcohol-based sanitizers are simple to make. All you have to do is follow the steps below to make one.

Ingredients

●     Spray bottle.
●     1½ teaspoons of witch hazel.
●     Spoon.
●     Funnel.
●    5 - 8 drops of essential oil like lavender and 25 - 30 drops of tea tree oil.
●     1 cup of aloe vera.

Steps


1.  Stir the 1 cup of aloe vera, 30 drops of tea tree oil, and witch hazel in a mixing bowl. To thicken the mixture, add another spoonful of aloe vera. If you want mixture to be thin, add a spoonful of witch hazel.
2.  Add essential oil and stir very well. Add small drops of lavender oil since tea tree oil is already strong on the mixture. If you want to add more, add one drop at a time and stir.
3.  Pour the mixture over a funnel into the spray bottle. Fill the container and close with the lid until you are ready to use it.
4.  This process will roughly take about 15 - 20 minutes. 
OTHER RECIPES



Homemade Aromatherapy disinfectant

This disinfectant recipe is a fusion of the benefits of the aromatherapy and antibacterial properties a good sanitizer should have. This recipe is perfect for people with sensitive skin. Because it contains a blend of selected essential oils, it is not only effective in killing germs but also helps in soothing and moisturizing your skin.

Expected Yield = 7-8 Ounces
INGREDIENTS


1.  ¼ cup of vodka
2.  20 drops of clove essential oil
3.  15 drops of eucalyptus essential oil
4.  ½ cup of aloe vera gel
5.  20 drops of tee tree essential oil
6.  1 tablespoon of vegetable glycerin
7.  15 drops of peppermint essential oil
8.  15 drops of lavender or rosemary essential oil

TOOLS NEEDED


1.  1 spray bottle
2.  Funnel
3.  Mixing bowl
4.  An immersion/Vitamix blender

STEPS Step 1:
Before we start producing the hand sanitizer, we need to sterilize the tools we are using. It is
important to sterilize to avoid contamination.
There are 2 method which can be used to sterilized your tools:


1.  Using bleach
2.  Using rubbing alcohol.

To sterilize using bleach, all you have to do is mix 1 part of water with 3 parts of bleach. Use this solution to clean/rinse all the tools required for the recipe.

If you are using rubbing alcohol to sterilize, use one table spoon of the alcohol to rinse each tool.

Step 2:

Put all ingredients into the bowl and whisk with the immersion blender
Mix thoroughly for about 5 minutes. 
For a Vitamix blender, put all ingredients in the blender and pulse (low speed)
for 5 minutes
Put the mixture into the spray bottle. Product is ready for use.






Simple Three ingredient hand sanitizer

This is a simple recipe for people who can’t afford to spend much to get a hand sanitizer. Only 3 ingredients are needed for this recipe, all of which are effective in killing germs.

Expected Yield: 7 Ounces


1.  15 drops of germ destroyer oil
2.  2/3 cups of rubbing alcohol
3.  20 drops of lavender oil

TOOLS NEEDED


1.  1 spray bottle
2.  Funnel
3.  Mixing bowl
4.  An immersion/Vitamix blender




STEPS 
Step 1:
Sterilizer all the tools like you did in the previous recipe
Step 2:
Use immersion or Vitamix blender to mix the rubbing alcohol and germ destroyer oil.
Step 3:
Add your lavender oil to the mix and blend thoroughly for 5 munities. Transfer the finished product to your spray bottle and use. 
Safety Tips on Hand Sanitizers

Hand sanitizers are indeed life savers and can help prolong your life. However, it comes with its own risks when using the product which may question whether it’s safe for use .

The risks are there, but if you follow these safety tips, you will probably never encounter any danger while using your hand sanitizer.

●     Keep mixture away from direct sunlight.
●     Keep hand sanitizers out of the reach of children.
Do not imbibe the habit of using hand sanitizers everyday. It is not meant to be used all the time because it dries the skin.
●    Only use hand sanitizers if soap and water are unavailable.
Use hand sanitizers only on the hands. They are not meant to be used on other parts of the body.
Never use a hand sanitizer near an open flame or heat because they are highly flammable.
Use only a small-sized amount of hand sanitizer. Applying too much may quickly extend to other parts of the hands which is risky.
If your child must use a hand sanitizer, they must use it under the supervision of a parent or an adult. 
Conclusion

There is no better way to take care of yourself and avoid contracting germs than by being clean. Maintaining hygiene practice is necessary to your health. It’s not just enough to keep your environment clean. If you don’t prioritize hygiene over everything, you are endangering yourself to a lot of things out there. Germs, bacteria, fungi, are all detrimental to the health and will stop at nothing to infest and destroy your immune system. Cleanliness is next to Godliness they say!

While hygiene is necessary, hand hygiene is the most important of them all. The hands are used more often than any other part of the body. That is why it needs utmost care. Diseases, viruses, bacteria are also contracted to the hands because the hand is always in contact with one thing or the other – people, objects, machines, etc.

With the rise in mortality rate and diseases, there is no better time to keep your hands clean than now. The breakout of viruses like coronavirus or CONVID-19 has served as an eye opener and reminded us of the need to wash our hands all the time, every time. These viruses spread through unwashed hands by contact. By washing our hands, we minimize the risk of exposing ourselves to these deadly viruses.

In order to kill these microorganisms and viruses in hand, you need hand sanitizers. Hand sanitizers are important antiseptics that would go a long way in keeping your hands safe and clean. It’s not just using it that’s effective, but using it appropriately. This is what this plengdut.com post has been able to explain. It has explained what hand sanitizer is, how to make it, and why it’s important. Everything you need to know about hand sanitizers are in this plengdut.com post. It has been able to explain everything in details and in a clear manner so that you understand.

Thank you for reading this plengdut.com post. We hope you find this plengdut.com post useful and we do hope you do accordingly, everything that has been written for maximum results .

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