Effects of conversion of agricultural land into settlements, positive and negative impacts of conversion of agricultural land to settlements

Land conversion, also commonly referred to as land function conversion, is currently happening in many countries that have high population growth rates. Countries in ASEAN too, for example Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and the Philippines. This land use change is usually found in many suburbs and rice fields that are close to public facilities such as markets. Conversion of agricultural land is usually to become residential and industrial land, certainly has a significant influence.
Land conversion, also commonly referred to as land function conversion, is currently happening in many countries that have high population growth rates. Countries in ASEAN too, for example Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and the Philippines. This land use change is usually found in many suburbs and rice fields that are close to public facilities such as markets. Conversion of agricultural land is usually to become residential and industrial land, certainly has a significant influence.

Effect of conversion of agricultural land into settlements

The negative impact of the conversion of agricultural land to settlements

  1. Agricultural land is reduced, then food productivity will decrease.
  2. Farmers and farm laborers lose their jobs.
  3. Green Open Space (RTH) is reduced.
  4. The water catchment area is reduced.

Positive impact of the conversion of agricultural land to settlements

  1. Settlement land is increasing.
  2. Created a new housing with relatively cool air.
  3. Able to level population density.
  4. Develop the potential of areas (land) that were previously minimally populated.

Note

Factors affecting land conversion

The factor influencing the conversion of agricultural land into industry and settlements is not due to population growth alone. Some other factors include the following.
  • The price of agricultural land is relatively cheaper than land that has been built. Then considered not too expensive to be converted into industrial land and settlements.
  • Low income from farming, while high production costs.
  • Changes to the industrial sector and the service sector are considered more promising than agriculture.
  • Sales of agricultural land due to farming families have other crucial needs, for example for venture capital.

Conclusion

When housing needs increase, the conversion of land into settlements is inevitable. Because it is usually used as the main solution for these problems, which if prevented can actually hamper development. Therefore, the transfer of functions needs to be done. But in an effort to produce a new civilization, it must maintain the balance of nature and ecosystems.

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