The Scope of Microbiology and the Benefits of Microbiology

Microbiology is a branch of biology that studies microorganisms. Some basic sciences are needed to support the understanding of microbiology, including chemistry, physics, and biochemistry. Microbiology is also often referred to as the practical science of biochemistry. The scope of studying microbiology includes an understanding of the history of microorganism discoveries, the types of microorganisms in nature, microorganism cell structures and their functions, microorganism metabolism in general, microorganism growth and environmental factors, and applied microbiology both in the field of environment and agriculture. 

Over time, microbiology has experienced rapid development into a variety of sciences, including virology, bacteriology, mycology, food microbiology, soil microbiology, and industrial microbiology. The study of microorganisms specifically, in detail, and according to their use. The various characteristics of microorganisms that make the basis of frequent use as a research model in the field of genetics are to have very simple properties, very fast breeding, and the presence of various metabolic variations. At this time research related to microorganisms is carried out intensively to find out the basis of biological phenomena.
Over time, microbiology has experienced rapid development into a variety of sciences, including virology, bacteriology, mycology, food microbiology, soil microbiology, and industrial microbiology. The study of microorganisms specifically, in detail, and according to their use. The various characteristics of microorganisms that make the basis of frequent use as a research model in the field of genetics are to have very simple properties, very fast breeding, and the presence of various metabolic variations. At this time research related to microorganisms is carried out intensively to find out the basis of biological phenomena.

Microorganisms as Processes and Products

Microorganisms are also known as a source of products and processes that benefit the community, for example: alcohol produced through the fermentation process can be used as an energy source (gasohol). In addition, new strains of microorganisms produced through genetic engineering can produce important ingredients for human health, such as insulin. In fact, previously if the human pancreas failed to produce insulin then only insulin extracted from the pancreas of an ox could be received. Now, human insulin can be produced in infinite amounts by bacteria from genetic engineering. 

Microorganisms also have considerable potential in cleaning up the environment, for example: from oil spills in the ocean or residues of herbicides and insecticides in agriculture. This can occur because of the ability of microorganisms to decompose / decompose complex compounds into simpler compounds. The ability of microorganisms that have been engineered for a specific purpose makes a new branch in industrial microbiology known as biotechnology.

It is appropriate if you have been able to understand in detail about the meaning of the existence of microorganisms, surely you will appreciate and admire them, such as bacteria, algae, protozoa, and viruses that have extraordinary potential for human survival. Some microorganisms can be pathogenic to humans, animals and plants, and can also cause wood decay and iron corrosion. On the other hand, microorganisms also have an important role in the environment as a decomposer and can produce important substances in the health and food industries.

Comments